Standalone deployment


This is the simplest deployment mode for Kuma, and the default one.

  • Control plane: There is one deployment of the control plane that can be scaled horizontally.
  • Data plane proxies: The data plane proxies connect to the control plane regardless of where they are deployed.
  • Service Connectivity: Every data plane proxy must be able to connect to every other data plane proxy regardless of where they are being deployed.

This mode implies that we can deploy Kuma and its data plane proxies in a standalone networking topology mode so that the service connectivity from every data plane proxy can be established directly to every other data plane proxy.

Standalone mode is usually a great choice within the context of one zone (ie: within one Kubernetes cluster or one AWS VPC).


  • All data plane proxies need to be able to communicate with every other dataplane proxy.
  • A standalone deployment cannot mix Universal and Kubernetes workloads.
  • A deployment can connect to only one Kubernetes cluster at once.

If these limitations are problematic you should look at Multi-zone deployments .